Ken Wilber

Ken Wilber - Toolshero

Kenneth Earl Wilber II (geboren 31 januari 1949) is een Amerikaanse filosoof en schrijver die schrijft over ontwikkelingspsychologie, transpersoonlijke psychologie, volwassen ontwikkeling, ecologie, filosofie, geloofsfasen en verschillende andere interessegebieden. Ken Wilber is de bedenker van zijn eigen Integrale Theorie en oprichter van het Integral Institute voor het onderwijzen en toepassen van de Integrale Theorie.

Ken Wilber biografie

Jeugd

Ken Wilber werd geboren in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Al op jonge leeftijd was duidelijk dat Ken een intelligente jongeman was. Op de basisschool werd hij al ‘the brain’ genoemd.

Hij zegt zelf een gelukkige jeugd te hebben gehad omdat zijn ouders hem vrij lieten. Zijn vader werkte voor de luchtmacht en het gezin verbleef nooit lang op 1 plek. Dit vereiste een sterk aanpassingsvermogen van zijn kant.

In 1967 schreef hij zich in als ‘pre-med’ student aan Duke University. Hij raakte zeer enthousiast over wat wetenschap hem te bieden had en werd geïnspireerd door de oosterse literatuur, met name de Tao Te Ching.

Hij verliet Duke University en schreef zich vervolgens in aan de Universiteit van Nebraska in Omaha. Hier voltooide hij de bachelors scheikunde en biologie. Ook behaalde hij een masterdiploma biochemie.

Start loopbaan

1973 was het jaar waarin Ken Wilber op 24-jarige leeftijd zijn eerste boek schreef. Het boek The Spectrum Of Conciousness was een baanbrekende synthese van natuurkunde, religie, filosofie en psychologie. Het werd de basis voor alle daaropvolgende pogingen om de relatie tussen psychologie en spiritualiteit te verduidelijken.

In 1979 kwam Ken Wilber met een volgend boek. No Boundary is een eenvoudige maar uitgebreide gids voor de soorten oosterse en westerse therapieën op psychologisch gebied die beschikbaar zijn om de lezer te helpen om hun eigen aard te begrijpen. The Atman Project volgde een jaar later. In dit boek zette Wilber de menselijke ontwikkeling vanaf de kindertijd tot de volwassenheid en daarna uiteen.

In 1982 verscheen The Holographic Paradigm and Other ParadoxesSex, Ecology, Spirituality: The Spirit of Evolution uit 1995. Deze principes vormen het fundament van het Wilbers-model van de manifeste werkelijkheid.

In dagboeken uit 1997 hield hij zijn persoonlijke ervaringen bij. Deze werden later in 1999 gepubliceerd in One Taste, een term die hij bedacht voor eenheidsbewustzijn, die verklaarde dat lichaam, geest en ziel allemaal perfecte uitdrukkingen zijn van de Verlichte Geest.

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In zijn mogelijk bekendste boek The Eye of Spirit uit 1997 gebruikte hij het spectrum van bewustzijn om de benadering voor psychologie, spiritualiteit, antropologie, kunst en planetaire transformatie te beschrijven.

Alles uitleggen

Wilber zegt zelf altijd alles uit te willen leggen. Met zijn werk probeert hij een brug te slaan tussen religie en wetenschap. Hij gelooft dat veel oude denksystemen voortkomen uit de onthullingen van de moderne natuurkunde, met name de kwantumtheorie. Wilber besteedt zelf veel aandacht aan nieuwe theorieën over het menselijk brein, de geest en hoe mensen tot zelfreflectie en bewustzijn zijn gekomen.

Wilber houdt zich bezig met de meest fundamentele vragen over het menselijk bestaan: wie zijn we? Wat maakt ons mensen? Waarom bestaan we? Waarom hebben we een bewustzijn? Maken we deel uit van een groter systeem? Wat is onze betekenis in het universum?

In zijn boek A Theory of Everything probeert hij veel belangrijke disciplines bij elkaar te brengen om te laten zien hoe deze meest belangrijke vragen beantwoord kunnen worden. Hij laat zien hoe zaken als bewustzijn, wetenschap en spiritualiteit allemaal samenwerken in een dynamisch proces dat het leven en bestaan zelf is.

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Ken Wilber quotes

  1. “A natural hierarchy is simply an order of increasing wholeness, such as: particles to atoms to cells to organisms, or letters to words to sentences to paragraphs. The whole of one level becomes part of the whole of the next. In other words, natural hierarchies are composed of holons.”
  2. “And resting in the ocean, dipped into the sea, I find glimmers of One Taste everywhere.”
  3. “As Aurobindo and Teilhard de Chardin knew, the future of humankind is God-consciousness.”
  4. “Authentic spirituality is revolutionary. It does not legitimate the world, it breaks the world; it does not console the world, it shatters it. And it does not render the self-content, it renders it undone.”
  5. “Be the most ethical, the most responsible, the most authentic you can be with every breath you take, because you are cutting a path into tomorrow that others will follow.”
  6. “Boundary lines, of any type, are never found in the real world itself, but only in the imagination of the mapmakers.”
  7. “Do you even recognize your own consciousness?”
  8. “Eternity is not ever-lasting time but the real, unfading, indestructible, and timeless Present, for, as Schroedinger said, the present is the only thing that has no end.”
  9. “Evolution does not isolate us from the rest of the Kosmos, it unites us with the rest of the Kosmos: the same currents that produced birds from dust and poetry from rocks produce egos from ids and sages from egos.”
  10. “Freedom is an endless meeting.”
  11. “Global consciousness is not an objective belief that can be taught to anybody and everybody, but a subjective transformation in the interior structures that can hold belief in the first place, which itself is the product of a long line of inner consciousness development.”
  12. “I don’t have to agree with everything you say, but I should attempt at least to understand it, for the opposite of mutual understanding is, quite simply, war.”
  13. “I have one major rule: Everybody is right. More specifically, everybody – including me – has some important pieces of truth, and all of those pieces need to be honored, cherished, and included in a more gracious, spacious, and compassionate embrace.”
  14. “I rise to taste the dawn, and find that love alone will shine today.”
  15. “If you really want to change the world, you must first understand it adequately, or all you will do is reproduce in larger numbers your own ignorance.”
  16. “In the dream state, the mind and soul are set free to create as they please, to imagine vast worlds not tied to gross sensory realities but reaching out, almost magically, to touch other souls, other people and far-off places, wild and radiant images cascading to the rhythm of the heart’s desire.”
  17. “Love is a time-honored way to transcend the separate-self sense and leap into the sublime; Treya and I held hands, closed our eyes, and jumped.”
  18. “Meditation, then, is not so much a part of this or that particular religion, but rather part of the universal spiritual culture of all humankind – an effort to bring awareness to bear on all aspects of life. It is, in other words, part of what has been called the perennial philosophy.”
  19. “Nobody is smart enough to be wrong all the time.”
  20. “Physics is the most fundamental, and least significant, of the sciences.”
  21. “Prana is implicate to matter but explicate to mind; mind is implicate to prana but explicate to soul; soul is implicate to mind but explicate to spirit; and the spirit is the source and suchness of the entire sequence.”
  22. “Put bluntly, the ego is not an obstruction to Spirit, but a radiant manifestation of Spirit. All Forms are not other than Emptiness, including the form of the ego. It is not necessary to get rid of the ego, but simply to live with it a certain exuberance.”
  23. “Religion is just coded spirituality.”
  24. “Saving the biosphere depends first and foremost on human beings reaching mutual understanding and unforced agreement as to common ends. And that intersubjective accord occurs only in the noosphere. Anything short of that no ospheric accord will continue to destroy the biosphere.”
  25. “The integral sage, the nondual sage, is here to show us otherwise. Known generally as “Tantric,” these sages insist on transcending life by living it. They insist on finding release by engagement, finding nirvana in the midst of samsara, finding total liberation by complete immersion.”
  26. “The more I go into I, the more I fall out of I.”
  27. “The mystics ask you to take nothing on mere belief. Rather, they give you a set of experiments to test in your own awareness and experience. The laboratory is your own mind, the experiment is meditation.”
  28. “The nondual universe of One Taste arises as a spontaneous gesture of your own true nature.”
  29. “The truth is an arbitrary, shifting, culturally relative, and historically molded phenomenon.”
  30. “The truth will not necessarily set you free, but truthfulness will.”
  31. “The understanding of “evolutionary consciousness” is perhaps the most important thing lacking in spiritual practices today. Evolution means growth and development. This means that there are aspects of reality that have not yet arisen in our consciousness. But they will arise if we grow.”
  32. “There is a way out, but the way out is really a way within.”
  33. “There is intersubjectivity woven into the very fabric of the Kosmos at all levels.”
  34. “There is nothing but God, nothing but the Goddess, nothing but Spirit in all directions, and not a grain of sand, not a speck of dust, is more or less Spirit than any other.”
  35. “This is the world of One Taste, with no inside and no outside, no subject and no object, no in here versus out there, without means, without path and without goal. And this, as Ramana said, is the final truth.”
  36. “To understand the whole it is necessary to understand the parts. To understand the parts, it is necessary to understand the whole. Such is the circle of understanding.”
  37. “Unhappiness and dissatisfaction with life are not signs of mental illness, but of growing intelligence.”
  38. “We must forgive each other our arising, for our existence always torments others. The golden rule in the midst of this mutual misery has always been, not to do no harm, but as little as possible; and not to love one another, but as much as you can.”
  39. “What is it in you that brings you to a spiritual teacher in the first place? It’s not the spirit in you, since that is already enlightened, and has no need to seek. No, it is the ego in you that brings you to a teacher.”
  40. “When the thunder roars, do you not hear your Self? When the lightening cracks, do you not see your Self? When clouds float quietly across the sky, is this not your very own limitless Being, waving back at you?”
  41. “Whenever we moderns pause for a moment, and enter the silence, and listen very carefully, the glimmer of our deepest nature begins to shine forth, and we are introduced to the mysteries of the deep, the call of the within, the infinite radiance of a splendor that time and space forgot.”
  42. “You cannot have exterior development without interior development to hold it in place.”

Publicaties en boeken

  • 2020. Grace and Grit: A Love Story. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2017. Trump and a post-truth world. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2017. The religion of tomorrow: a vision for the future of the great traditions-more inclusive, more comprehensive, more complete. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2017. A brief history of everything. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2016. Integral meditation: Mindfulness as a way to grow up, wake up, and show up in your life. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2015. Wicked & wise: How to solve the world’s toughest problems. Croydon, UK: Urbane Publications.
  • 2010. Integral theory in action: Applied, theoretical, and constructive perspectives on the AQAL model. SUNY Press.
  • 2008. Integral life practice: A 21st-century blueprint for physical health, emotional balance, mental clarity, and spiritual awakening. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2007. Up from Eden: A transpersonal view of human evolution. Quest books.
  • 2007. The integral vision: A very short introduction to the revolutionary integral approach to life, God, the universe, and everything. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2007. Integral spirituality: A startling new role for religion in the modern and postmodern world. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2006. Toward a comprehensive integration of science and religion: A post‐metaphysical approach. In The Oxford handbook of religion and science.
  • 2005. A sociable god: Toward a new understanding of religion. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2005. Introduction to integral theory and practice. AQAL: Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 1(1), 2-38.
  • 2003. Ken Wilber: thought as passion. SUNY Press.
  • 2003. Boomeritis: A novel that will set you free!. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2001. The eye of spirit: An integral vision for a world gone slightly mad. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2001. Sex, ecology, spirituality: The spirit of evolution. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2001. Quantum questions: Mystical writings of the world’s great physicists. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2001. No boundary: Eastern and Western approaches to personal growth. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2001. Eye to eye: The quest for the new paradigm. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2001. A theory of everything: An integral vision for business, politics, science and spirituality. Shambhala publications.
  • 2000. One taste: Daily reflections on integral spirituality. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2000. Integral psychology: Consciousness, spirit, psychology, therapy. Shambhala Publications.
  • 2000. Waves, streams, states and self. Further considerations for an integral theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 7(11-12), 145-176.
  • 1999. The marriage of sense and soul: Integrating science and religion (No. 120). Harmony.
  • 1999. One taste. Random House.
  • 1999. Spirituality and developmental lines: Are there stages?. The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 31(1), 1.
  • 1997. An integral theory of consciousness. Journal of consciousness studies, 4(1), 71-92.
  • 1996. The Atman project: A transpersonal view of human development. Quest Books.
  • 1994. The worldview of ken Wilber. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 34(2), 6-21.
  • 1993. The spectrum of consciousness. Quest Books.
  • 1993. The great chain of being. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 33(3), 52-65.
  • 1990. Two patterns of transcendence: A reply to Washburn. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 30(3), 113-136.
  • 1987. Spiritual choices: The problems of recognizing authentic paths to inner transformation. Paragon House Publishers.
  • 1984. The developmental spectrum and psychopathology: part II, treatment modalities. The journal of transpersonal psychology, 16(2), 137.
  • 1984. The developmental spectrum and psychopathology: Part I, stages and types of pathology. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 16(1), 75-118.
  • 1982. The pre / trans fallacy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 22(2), 5-43.
  • 1979. A developmental view of consciousness. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 11(1), 1-21.
  • 1975. Psychologia perennis: The spectrum of consciousness. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 7(2).

Citatie voor dit artikel:
Janse, B. (2022). Ken Wilber. Retrieved [insert date] from Toolshero: https://www.toolshero.nl/bekende-auteurs/ken-wilber/

Gepubliceerd op: 17/08/2022 | Laatste update: 17/08/2022

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